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Fifty Boats of the Millennium

You have all seen the endless millennium lists, so we decided to have some fun of our own. After some less than careful deliberation we came up with a list of fifty boats that in some small way have helped shape this millenium. We ackowledge that there is a significant American slant to this list. If you have comments on our list, please visit our discussion forum and share your opinions.

The order of this list is alphabetical. Attempting to rank these vessels would have resulted in unnecessary bloodshed among our staff.

America
101 foot schooner built for the first World's Fair, America sailed to England to compete against 14 other yachts. America won, had the trophy named after her, and the America's Cup was born. 
Amistad
In 1839, forty-nine Africans bound for Cuba revolted aboard the Amistad to maintain their freedom. They drifted into U.S. waters where they were taken into custody. The legal dispute over the fate of these Africans led all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. The thirty-five surviving Africans were returned home in 1842. 
Amoco Cadiz
On March 16, 1978, the oil tanker Amoco Cadiz wrecked off Portsall, France, creating the world's largest tanker disaster. 68 million gallons of crude oil spilled, causing widespread environmental damage along 100 miles of the Brittany Coast. 
Arizona
The U.S. was pulled into World War II when a Japanese air raid on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii December 7, 1941 sank the Arizona, taking 1,177 lives with it. 
Beagle
As the naturalist aboard the Beagle between 1831-1836, Charles Darwin formulated his controversial theories on evolution. 
Bismarck
On May 24, 1941 Bismarck, a German World War II battleship, engaged in a famous battle with the Hood, sinking her. Three days later she was sunk by the Dorsetshire
Bounty
Launched in 1787, Captain Bligh lost command in possibly the most famous mutiny in marine history. 
Britannia
Launched in 1840. Used to carry mail between England and America, this ship set a speed record for its eastbound crossing of the Atlantic in August 1840. Its average speed for the record run was 10.98 knots. 
Calypso
The ocean research vessel used by famous French oceanographer, Jacques-Yves Cousteau between 1950 and 1996 when it sunk in Singapore Harbor. 
Constitution
Also known as "Old Ironsides", the Constitution was launched in 1797 in Boston. Still commissioned today, the Constitution fought during the War of 1812 against the British, and participated in many other adventures around the world. 
Discovery
Built in Dundee, Scotland for Captain Robert Scott's Antarctic Expedition of 1901-04. Many scientific experiments were performed while Discovery was locked in the ice for two years. 
Dove
In 1965 16-year-old Robin Lee Graham started his around the world voyage. He completed it 5 years later, as the youngest man to circumnavigate the globe solo. Dove was his 24 foot sailboat. 
Endeavour
Aboard the Endeavour Captain James Cook led the first expedition to officially combine military and scientific objectives, setting a precedent for other voyages to follow. 
Erebus and Terror
Sir John Franklin and his men set out in July of 1845 to find The Northwest Passage on these two sister ships. They became trapped in the Arctic ice, and while trying to escape on foot, all 135 men died. 
Fram
Built in 1892 by Norwegian polar explorer Fridjof Nansen, the Fram has sailed the furthest north and furthest south exploring earth's polar regions. 
Golden Hind
Between 1577 and 1580 Sir Francis Drake sailed the Golden Hind around the globe, ending with a mysterious landing on the California Coast of the U.S. 
Great Eastern
In 1866, it was the only ship large enough to carry the single length of cable needed to span the Atlantic.  
Gypsy Moth IV
Sailed by Sir Francis Chichester around the world in 1966, Gypsy Moth IV set the record for the longest non-stop voyage made in a small vessel. The boat was a 53 foot ketch, and the record he set was 119 days (traveling a distance of about 25,000 km). 
Hood
Sunk by the Bismarck on May 24, 1941 in a famous World War II battle. (see Bismarck
Jeanie Johnston
Built in Quebec in 1847, the Jeanie Johnston made at least 16 trips between Tralee, Ireland, and the East Coast of North America, bringing Irish emigrants. On return trips to Ireland she carried famine relief, and was remarkable for carrying emigrants to North America with a high survival rate. 
Kobukson (The Turtle Ship)
This spike-backed, fire-breathing Korean battleship from the 16th century and eleven others defeated a Japanese force of 133 ships. 
Kon Tiki
In 1947 the Kon Tiki, a balsa wood raft, was sailed from Peru to Polynesia. This 4,300 mile voyage was proof that the journey was possible for a similar pre-historic South American vessel. 
Lusitania
Lusitania, built in 1906, was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7, 1915 which led to the turning of American opinion against the Germans in World War I. All 1,195 people aboard Lusitania were lost. 
Maine
When the Maine was sunk on February 15, 1898 in the Havana, Cuba harbor, the US was pulled into the Spanish-American war. When the 324 foot battleship went down, she brought 260 men with her. 
Mary Celeste
Launched in 1861, the 103 foot brigantine set sail for Genoa from New York on November 7, 1872. Nearly a month later she was discovered by the Dei Gratia listing badly and sailing erratically, not a soul on board. Her story is still one of the best-known sea mysteries. 
Mary Rose
The only 16th century warship on display anywhere in the world. Built between 1509 and 1511, she was one of the first ships able to fire broadside. She sank accidentally during an engagement with the French fleet in 1545. Her rediscovery and raising were seminal events in the history of nautical archaeology. 
Mayflower
The ship that brought the first Pilgrims to America in 1620, landing at Plymouth Rock. 
Merrimack
Also known by its Confederate name - the Virginia. Iron-clad ship that fought the Union's iron-clad Monitor in a historic American Civil War battle in March of 1862. 
Missouri
Launched in 1944, the Missouri was the location of General Yoshijiro Umezu's signing of Japan's unconditional surrender, ending the war in the Pacific on September 2, 1945. 
Monitor
Fought the Merrimack in a historic American Civil War battle in March of 1862. 
Nautilus
From the Jules Verne novel "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea." Thought to be a narwhal, this submarine under the command of Captain Nemo caused fear on the high seas. Also the name of the first nuclear powered submarine. 
Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria
When Christopher Columbus set out from Spain he had these three ships. The explorers ended up discovering the New World in 1492, landing somewhere in the Bahamas. 
Pequod
Captain Ahab's boat from Herman Melville's 1851 classic novel "Moby Dick". 
Potemkin
The 1905 mutiny aboard this Russian battleship was hailed by Lenin as the first proof that troops could be counted on to join the proletariat in overthrowing the old order. The 1925 Russian silent movie "Battleship Potemkin" about the mutiny is considered a classic. 
Pueblo
The Pueblo was the first U.S. Navy ship to be hi-jacked on the high seas by a foreign military force in over 150 years when they were captured by the North Koreans in 1968. 
Queen Anne's Revenge
In June of 1718 Blackbeard lost his flagship Queen Anne's Revenge in Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina. 
Queen Mary
Launched in 1934, the Queen Mary has a long history of passenger ocean voyages, as well as War Service from 1940 through 1946. She is remembered for her luxury accommodations and comfortable travel. 
Rainbow Warrior
Greenpeace vessel used to protect hunted whales and other Greenpeace causes. 
Robert E. Lee
1866 riverboat beat the Natchez in a famous 1870 race between St. Louis, Missouri and New Orleans, Louisiana. 
San Felipe
Built in 1690 the San Felipe was Spain's most majestic fighting ship, and was the flagship of the Spanish Armada under the command of Commodore Enrique MacDonnell. 
Savannah
The first steam-powered ship to cross the Atlantic, she left Savannah, Georgia on May 22, 1819 and arrived in Liverpool, England on June 20, 1819. 
Savannah
Designed in 1959, Savannah was built to show the peaceful uses of atomic energy as a cargo and passenger ship. She was retired in 1972. 
Spray
Between 1895 and 1898 Joshua Slocum sailed Spray around the world, the first man to solo circumnavigate the globe. 
Stars & Stripes
Dennis Conner sailed Stars and Stripes in the 1987 America's Cup in Australia, winning the cup back from the first challenger to defeat the U.S. in the Cup's history. 
Titanic
British luxury liner sank on April 15, 1912 on its maiden voyage. At the time, this "unsinkable" ship was the largest and most luxurious vessel ever built. Sunken remains of the Titanic were found in 1985. About 1,500 lives were lost. 
Trieste
Deep submergence vessel built in 1953, by Swiss professor, scientist and explorer August Piccard. In 1960, she dove to a record-depth of 35,800 feet near the Marianas Islands. 
Turtle
One man submarine that fought in the American Revolution. Built by David Bushnell, Turtle's first engagement was also the first naval battle in history involving a submarine and took place in New York Harbor in 1776. 
Victoria
The only boat in Ferdinand Magellan's fleet to return to Spain after being the first to circumnavigate the globe in the early 16th century. 
Victory
Launched in 1765, Victory was the flagship of Admiral Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805, as well as of Admiral Sir John Jervis at the Battle of St. Vincent in February 1797. She is still in commission today. 
White Ship
English ship carrying Henry I's only legitimate son, Prince William, and some 300 other passengers which sank November 25, 1120 on its way from Normandy to England. William's death led to a disputed succession and civil war for control of England between Stephen I and Matilda. 
      
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